Montessori, Frobel & Steiner: The Three leading Pedagogies


These new pedagogies are blossoming alongside the traditional method of teaching. These are based on different principles, follow certain unique teaching methodology, and have their own advantages. So, let us see each of them to help you decide, which is most suitable for your child.


This approach of teaching was founded by Maria Montessori. It believes that children learn better when they are given freedom to choose what they want to learn and can learn at their own pace. Contrary to the traditional classroom, it is a close caring community with multiage children varying from 2.5 years to 6 years all learning at the same place. A trained teacher then guides the children to learn through the various activity stations they get involved in. The notebook learning is replaced by the process of self-correction and self-assessment.

Some pros of the system include-

  • Child is treated as a unique individual
  • Develop the social ethics very early like the kindness, support
  • Accommodates all learning styles
  • Children are more excited as they get to learn what they are genuinely interested in
  • Child-led, uninterrupted, three-hour working period
  • Children become confident, independent, co-operating, self-directed learners- all the skills which are the need of the 21st century.
  • Children learn through direct experience- by using the sensory-motor activities that develop the abilities like seeing, hearing, touch, movement, etc..


Friedrich Frobel was a German educationalist who believed that the very purpose of education is to lead to all-round development of an individual by creating a harmonious environment in the classroom where each child is treated with respect and individuality is maintained. He established a school common for all children between the ages of three and seven. He named it as Kindergarten, i.e. ‘garden of children’.

The chief feature of the kindergarten are-

  • Self-activity- Like construction of blocks, songs help develop self-realization among the toddlers. This further fills the gap between knowledge and action.
  • Creativeness- The creativity is other aim to be developed among children.
  • Social participation- As Frobel believed that man is social animal by nature so he emphasized the social aspect of education to be taught well.
  • Play is the real engine for learning- He firmly believed that the play is the best way to learn something as its imprints last forever in a human mind.


It is based on the education philosophy of Rudolf Steiner. Steiner divided the child education into mainly three phases-

  1. Early childhood education, wherein, a child learns through hands-on activities.
  2. Elementary Education- the focus is on developing artistic expression.
  3. Secondary Education- which develops the critical reasoning and empathic understanding among the students.

This model infuses art with academics as it allows the children to learn through activities like drama, music, dance crafts and visual arts. It believes education is beyond the concept of three R’s. There are no specific books as per the curriculum, rather each child draws and creates the things he learns which exemplifies his every lesson. The classroom is a mixed age one with the same teacher. The teacher usually incorporates the storytelling and fantasy in the curriculum.

Thus, all the three pedagogies are different; each is unique in its own way.  So, apart from the traditional way of teaching, there are options for your child to choose among all these.


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