Preschool Philosophy- Montessori System of Education

montessori system of education

“The child is both, a hope and a promise for mankind” – Maria Montessori

Education. A necessity of humans which can’t be put into words. It has played a major role in shaping the minds of young aspirants. Talking about young blood and the current educational scenario, we must not forget the Montessori system of education, which has played a very vital role in nurturing the process of pre-school education in an efficient manner.

We may discuss about the approach followed by the Montessori system of education, and analyse it through every aspect. Talking about its origin, it is an educational system developed by Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori which lays emphasis on independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child’s natural psychological, physical, and social development.

It focuses majorly in a whole hearted human development, where emphasis is laid on the emotional, physical and psychological development of the child where they have the liberty to choose and act freely within an environment, for optimal development.

Certain principles in this model are given primary importance, such as, exploration, activity, order, orientation, purposeful activity etc. Montessori system of education focuses on free activity within a “prepared environment”, in other words, an environment tailored specifically for basic human wants and needs, and those of children at different ages, not forgetting the individual personalities the children possess. The sole purpose of the environment is to help and allow the child to develop independence in every term according to his or her inner psychological potential.

Focussing the impact of this system on India, our country was one of the first few countries to see the propagation and implementation of this system. The Indian Montessori Organisation is one such initiative taken up by the Indian officials in expanding awareness about the Montessori philosophy in the Indian educational system. Click here to see some of the preschools that have successfully adopted the Montessori system of education.

And therefore, with the introduction of the newly implemented ECCE policy, the Indian pre-primary education has made a significant progress, which has its focus upon early childhood education and its importance in the development process of a child. When focussing upon India, there are many centres and institutes offering courses to train educators in the Montessori system of education.

While discussing the impacts and issues related to this system of education, let us first discuss and know the importance of this system. The Montessori System of Education is known to be the most scientifically advanced, comprehensive in nature, and an efficient and effective humane system of early childhood education and development.

Montessori system of education helps in guiding children in their day to day activities by trained Adults. These trained adults are basically individuals who are trained in the Montessori ideology, playing an extremely vital role in the development process of a child’s personality and intellectual upliftment. This method effectively portrays the issue of building self-confidence of a child. As it is an extremely known and important fact that self-confidence is something which should be inculcated within a child early in life.

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