The unorganized Indian Education System

Recommended: Changes to Indian Education System

Indian Education system needs improvement

As an education reformer, American philosopher and psychologist John Dewey was one of the 20th Century’s leading intellectuals preaching democracy and advocating its inclusion in education, in which both education and learning being socially inclusive developments. His ideas, if implemented, can reap huge benefits for Indian education system. A fully formed public opinion needed to exist in schools as well that enabled students to make decisions regarding both their own lives and their learning. Dewey argued that if emphasis was placed on children and their ability to both experience and interact with the curriculum, then the subject matter is not the only determining factor in the learning quality and quantity. Among his other influences, “Problem-based learning”, a commonly used concept, stems from learning through investigation. Moreover, he was a firm believer that the purpose of education should not be to provide students with a limited skill set for a particular job in the future. It should rather be concerned with equipping students with the abilities to be “reflective, autonomous, and ethical beings capable of … critical … discourse” (Dewey, 1902).

Additionally, considering teachers as highly regarded and trusted professionals who serve a public function was essential in a good-quality education system, although this has not yet caught on in the Indian education system. Essentially, Dewey promoted teaching as a profession and the direct impact it has upon moulding the mental, moral, and spiritual lives of children in their seminal years.

Modifications in Indian Education System

Cooperative Learning

Rarely seen in Indian education system, this pedagogical approach arranges classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences. Here, students work collectively to complete academic tasks and the pedagogy encourages children to utilise the collective knowledge and resources, this includes requesting fellow students for information, evaluating each other’s ideas, monitoring the work of others, and so on. Ross & Smyth (1995) suggest five elements central to thriving cooperation within classrooms: positive interdependence, individual and group accountability, personal interaction, teaching of interpersonal and small group interactive skills, and group processing. Highly qualified teachers have included several of these elements, which require higher-order thinking skills.

Multiple Intelligences

This focuses on the development of the whole child. Howard Gardener’s theory that the child is talented in more than one way has led to the rethinking of curricula in the schools of most countries. To balance the curriculum, emphasis is placed on blending the traditional academic subjects with arts, crafts, music, and physical education. The majority of children can succeed in environment where they feel that they have an opportunity to evolve holistically. Click here to read more about multiple intelligences theory and its impact on Indian education system.

Alternative Assessments for Classrooms

Ridding schools of their obsessions with standardised testing is an enormous challenge, one to which bureaucrats would never agree; standardised testing marginalises those who think differently and encourages a herd mentality. Alternative assessment formats, however, cannot function without a high level of trust placed on teachers. Local school and teacher monitoring of the pupils’ progress, as well as the teacher’s own assessments are needed for a child-centric approach that seeks to enrich the learning experience through interaction. Examples of these include portfolio, performance, self-assessment, and self-reflection evaluations. An understanding of these methods is fundamental during teacher training and the explanation to the children of the methods equally so. The correct implementation of the policy can lead to a strong Indian education system.

Colleague teaching

The notion of one colleague collaborating or exchanging ideas of the best teaching practices based upon experience seems reasonable but not possible in all academic environments because of the workload placed on teachers. This idea is essentially a private process where teachers collaborate in critically evaluating current practices, as well as develop and study new skills. The free exchange of ideas to resolve teaching issues is precisely what fosters overall development of teachers, just as cooperative learning improves the children.

Ultimately, the key is to implement the policies in an effective manner and the goal is the strengthening of the Indian education system.

Why not an Entrepreneur?

entrepreneurship

Ashwin Mahesh, an entrepreneur and director of “Lithium” – an electric cab service – aims to make his company one of the leading cab service providers to the employees of technology and outsourcing companies located in Bangalore. Lithium, apart from being India’s first electric cab service, also has a host of “cloud connected” safety buttons and other revolutionary features like internet connectivity. This is just one of the many stories of people leaving their lucrative jobs and beginning their own ventures.

Many believe entrepreneurship emerges automatically and one has to be god gifted to be a successful entrepreneur, but the truth is far from it. For starters, you need – a visionary idea and a little capital to begin with, followed by persistent commitment and risk taking capability. An enterprise does not arise from vacuum, rather it is based on concrete ideas and plans called – entrepreneurial environment.

The entrepreneurial growth is rather spontaneous and depends on various factors like economic environment, political scenario, and government policies. In colonial times, several detrimental schemes and roadblocks in forms of, for instance “License Raj” in India; contributed to lesser number of entrepreneurs. However, the current scenario is quite different and a surge in the number of entrepreneurs is a perfect example of it. Over the years, an increase has been reported in the number of entrepreneurs, with more graduates from IITs and IIMs going on to launch their own companies and carving a niche for themselves.

Skill set of an Entrepreneur

Entrepreneurs, by default are considered to be innovators – people with a plethora of ideas and strong sense of business. Apart from being a strong leader, an entrepreneur also has to be a team player, as the success of every business is dependent upon the work put in by a team. Name any successful entrepreneurial story and you will always find a team of hard working characters behind it. Such people are always able to effectively convert any new idea or invention into a successful revolution. An entrepreneur, also has to be a considerable amount of risk taker. Careers, financial security, and prestige are always at risk while launching a new business. The biggest drawback, if I was to name one, is the uncertainty every new business model brings in, but the key is to keep believing in the vision and the product.

Factors affecting Entrepreneurial Growth

Entrepreneurship has to be developed over a period of time by putting in considerable amount of effort and time. Some helpful conditions are also required for the success of the entrepreneurial growth. For example, a business cannot succeed in a receding economy rather it requires a boosting economy and favorable policies for it to actually succeed. The various parameters affecting the entrepreneurial growth are:

Economic System

An economy with higher per capita income, abundant resources – both natural and artificial, and a population with high income and assets, will always produce more successful entrepreneurs. The relationship between economy and entrepreneurship is bi-directional, which is in contrast to popular belief that only a business model depends on the economy. The truth is, it is equally important for an economy to have successful “new businesses” for it to be counted actually a progressive economy, where social and domestic growth play an important role in setting up of new model.

Labour

The growth of entrepreneurship drastically depends upon the quality and quantity of labour. Positive labour laws, a well-defined wage structure, and support from the local authorities is paramount to the success of every new business model. Availability of skilled labour will always attract new leaders to setup their visionary ideas in a country. The production capacities of a company are directly proportional to division of labour and economy.


Entrepreneurs are the key drivers of tomorrow’s innovations and integral to creating a booming economy. Innovative educational tools, informative channels, and positive work environment are prerequisite for any business idea to succeed. Motivating and promoting such models will always lead to a prosperous economy which in turn can drive the growth rate of the country