Ahmedabad: Among 21 major states, Gujarat scores 20th position (with 73.4 per cent of girl students in school) as per the Sample Registration System-Baseline Survey 2014. The survey also reported that girl students in the age group of 15-17 years have never been to school or might have left schooling in the mid-way. It means, around 26.6% girl students never reached up to class IX or X and only 7.3% girl students in Gujarat state complete graduation.
Information gathered from the report states that around 73.5% girls in Gujarat are literate, however, 59% haven’t studied beyond class X, and only 14.8% have completed education up to class XII.
The all-India average of girls under the age bracket of 15-17 years who attend school was found to be around 83.8 % wherein Assam scored - 84.8%, Bihar - 83.3%, Chhattisgarh - 90.1%, Jharkhand - 84.1%, Madhya Pradesh - 79.2%, Odisha - 75.3%, Rajasthan - 72.1% and UP scored 79.4%.
As per the official statement given by the legislators of Gujarat, programmes like "Kanya Kelavni" program and "Shala Praveshotsav" had been in operation for almost a decade to improve the enrolment of girl child in schools; however, there hadn’t been much change. In fact, other states that were thought to be backward happened to have performed better than Gujarat.
When interviewed, Gujarat education minister Bhupendrasinh Chudasma said, "We are aware that the dropout rate among girls is high and hence we launched the enrolment drive even in class IX". He also said that, "We are taking measures to ensure that girls study and the government is dedicated to achieving 100 per cent literacy among the girls".
In order to attain higher grade in schooling a girl child, Gujarat has miles to go for sure. Instead of focussing too much on pushing the girl child through various annual programs in play schools, activities like spreading the importance of education to be competitive through examples of best schools in India and best schools in World might help in the long run to turn the percentage to great heights.