Australia is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the world's 12th-largest economy. In 2012 Australia had the world's fifth-highest per capita income.Australia's military expenditure is the world's 13th-largest, With the second-highest human development index globally, Australia ranks highly in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights.
Australia is a beautiful country with sun-kissed beaches and world-famous outback. It is home to a diverse flora and fauna and experiences a favourable climate throughout the year. Famous tourist spots in Australia are the National Gallery of Victoria, Sydney Opera House and the Darwin Festival of the Northern Territory.
Australia takes pride in offering a plethora of cultural activities such as aboriginal dances, painting on the rocks, and government-funded performance arts. Apart from this, the Australian cuisine takes inspiration from its British and Aboriginal roots and is definitely worth trying out.
The main reason why students choose to study in Australia is for its high standard of living and quality education. It is believed that the Australian way of life is relaxed and carefree. In addition to this, studying there is more cost efficient than studying in countries like the UK and the US. It is a hot favourite study destination for those who want to pursue a course in accountancy, management, and technology.
The faculty in Australian educational institutions is known to have a progressive outlook and is result-oriented. With world-class education and globally recognized high-ranking universities, Australia is definitely a country worth going to for pursuing higher studies.
Australia is the second most popular study destination after the U.S. among the students in India. There is a huge similarity in the education system prevalent in both Australia and India because of their British roots. Therefore, it is extremely easy to get admission in Australia. For instance, a person who has finished two years of Bachelor’s in India can get enrolled into the 3rd year of that course in any Australian college.
Australian degrees are recognized by the Association of Indian Universities and that helps in getting employed with the Indian government and pursuing higher studies in any Indian university. Major universities of Australia are University of Melbourne, Australian National University, University of Queensland, University of Western Australia, and Monash University.
International students, who are planning to study in Australia, must score well in either IELTS or TOEFL as that is a major determinant for admission in most universities in the country. In addition to this, a Statement of Purpose (SOP) is also considered when granting financial aid to an international student.
The graduate courses offered in Australia take 3 years to complete. The most popular undergraduate courses among international students are Humanities, Science, Business, Arts, and Economics. On the other hand, most postgraduate programs take 1 or 2 years to complete. Entry requirements are different for different universities.
The government of Australia offers various scholarships to international students. They are as follows:
1. Endeavour Awards Program: It is a merit-based program for students from the Middle East, Europe, Americas, and Asia Pacific for study, research and professional development in the country.
2. Australian Awards Scholarships (AAS): These scholarships fully finance the full time undergraduate and postgraduate programs of Australian universities for the benefit of students from developing countries.
3. Australian Awards Fellowships (AAF): These are for financially aiding short-term fellowship programs in a specialized research study or professional attachment.
There are seven types of student visas to enter the country. They are as follows:
1. Subclass 571 Schools: for international students studying at primary or secondary school.
2. Subclass 573 Higher education: for bachelor degrees and graduate certificates.
3. Subclass 570 Independent ELICOS: for international students undertaking either graduate diploma, master’s or ELICOS.
4. Subclass 574 Postgraduate research: master's and PhD by research.
5. Subclass 572 Vocational education and training: for VET students.
6. Subclass 575 Non-award: Bridging, foundation and other courses that do not lead to an award.
7. Subclass 576 AusAID or Defence sponsored: for students sponsored by AusAID or Defence.
To apply for a student visa, the person has to send the application to the Australian Visa Office located in New Delhi. Student visas take around 12 weeks to process and it’s very important to submit all the relevant paperwork at the time of application.
The person should also fulfill the following requirements:
1. Proof of his/her capacity to cover the airfare, tuition fees and accommodation costs. (Living costs in Australia = AUD 18,000 per year.)
2. Proof of his/her capacity to cover the airfare, accommodation costs and school fees for any dependents (if applicable).
3. TOEFL, IELTS, or Pearsons English language test scores (accepted by Australian universities).
4. His/her personal situation in home country.
5 Academic records.
6. Previous immigration history in Australia.
7. Health insurance through the Overseas Student Health Cover (OSHC).
8. No outstanding debts to the Commonwealth of Australia.
The most important decision that affects student life in Australia is accommodation. Usually provided by the university or set up by the study abroad program, students do have the option of living off the campus.
On-campus accommodation enables students to have an immediate access to student clubs and academic resources. For those living outside the campus make sure that they live close enough to the campus to easily participate in classes, extra-curricular activities and student clubs.
The average living costs in Australia form an important part of the student’s financial preparation. Therefore, here’s a list of general expenses he/she might have to incur while living and studying in the country.
1. On campus housing - Rs. 52,000 to Rs. 1,60,000 per annum
2. Shared Rental - Rs. 45,000 toRs. 1,60,000 per annum
3. Boarding schools - Rs. 5,00,000 to Rs. 10,00,000 per annum
4. Groceries and dining out - Rs. 52,000 to Rs. 1,30,000 per annum
5. Gas & electricity - Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 65,000 per annum
6. Phone & internet - Rs. 13,000 to Rs. 33,000 per annum
7. Public transport - Rs. 6,500 to Rs. 33,000 per annum
8. Entertainment - Rs. 33,000 to Rs. 65,000 per annum