Canada is situated in the northern part of North America and comprises ten provinces and three territories. The total surface area of the country is 9.98 million square kilometers which makes it the second largest country in the world. As far as its economy is concerned, it is world’s eleventh largest economy.
Canada is a member of Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and G8. In addition to this, it is a developed country with the eighth highest per capita income across the globe. It is also one of the world’s largest suppliers of agricultural products.
The climate in Canada is diverse. Average summer and winter high temperatures across Canada differ from region to region. Winters can be harsh in many parts of Canada with temperatures dropping to -40°C on an average. In the summers, the temperature remains between 30 to 35°C.
Various ethnic groups like Canadian, French, Irish, Scottish, Italian, Ukrainian, Dutch and Chinese constitute Canada’s total population of 3,34,76,688. Though Canada is a religiously diverse country, Christianity is widely practiced.
Canada is one of the most peaceful and stable countries in the world. It is home to a large number of aboriginal people, called First Nations and also has a high rate of immigrant population.
Due to this prominent diversity in population, Canada has a national policy for multiculturalism and works to ensure that people’s customs and traditions are not only preserved but also respected.
Canada also boasts of high standard of living, national income, comfortable population density and a good healthcare system. It has a flourishing provincial and national parks system. Canada also has a lot to offer in terms of both outdoor and indoor recreational activities.
The calm and clean environment of this North American country is just one of the reasons why it is a popular study destination among students.
Canadian universities are known to offer quality education, low tuition fee, and a smooth admission process. Universities and colleges here are mostly publicly funded and offer a broad range of courses at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. The university year commences in September and ends in May with most universities having a semester or trimester system.
Major universities of Canada are University of Toronto, McGill University , University of British Columbia, and University of Alberta. To get into any university of Canada at both UG and PG level, giving either IELTS or TOEFL is a must. Admissions for the coming academic year take place in three months - September, January and May.
For undergraduate courses, most universities in the country require a minimum of 12 years of formal secondary education for admission in undergraduate courses. Though no entrance tests are taken by universities, they are free to set their own rules. A lot of emphasis is also given on academic records.
For postgraduate courses, institutes require the student to complete 16 years of formal education. A work experience of 2 to 3 years is preferred. GMAT score between 1,200 - 1,500 is required. The student is also required to get a high score (580-600) in TOEFL.
There are very few scholarships available in Canada and they hardly cover the costs. The amount awarded varies from university to university and just covers only one part of the student’s course and living & sundry expenses.
Steps to apply for a Canadian student visa are as follows:
Once you have verified that you should apply for a study permit and you have received a letter of admission to an educational institution in Canada, please follow these steps to submit a complete application:
1. Check the processing times
2. Find out how long it takes to process a standard study permit application at this office so you will know how far in advance to apply. Please note that this is not a guarantee. You are urged to apply early to avoid disappointment.
3. Determine how you will apply
4. There are two ways to apply:
○ Apply online
○ To apply online you must have access to a scanner or camera to create electronic copies of your documents for uploading and have a valid credit card for payment. Determine your eligibility and apply online.
○ Apply on paper
○ Please follow steps 3 to 6 below.
5. Download the application kit and read the instruction guide
6. The instruction guide contains important information about study permits and instructions to help you complete your application. Read the guide carefully and use the document checklist. Your application may be returned or refused if you do not provide all the requested information, documents and fees.
7. If you apply to study in the province of Quebec, you will need a Certificate of Acceptance or CAQ from the Quebec government. With your study permit application, you have to submit either:
○ The Certificate of Acceptance (CAQ), or
○ The approval letter sent by the Quebec government before the CAQ is issued. This letter contains your CAQ number.
8. You do not have to wait to obtain your CAQ to deposit your study permit application but if you did not already receive your CAQ, you must join a proof that you have started the procedure (for example, proof of payment of the CAQ), otherwise, your study application may be refused.
9. Pay the processing fee
10. Refer to the fee schedule for the cost to apply for a study permit and how to pay. The processing fee is non-refundable in all cases. If you do not submit the correct fee, your application is considered incomplete and will be returned to you. If you need to give your biometrics, you will also need to pay the $85.
11. If you need a temporary resident visa, it will be issued at the same time as the study permit, with no extra fee.
12. If you need a work permit for a co-op term or internship related to your program of studies in Canada, this can be provided at the same time at no extra fee.
13. If your spouse/common-law partner and/or children are accompanying you and you are applying for temporary resident visas, work permits or study permits for them, then you will need to pay the appropriate processing fees for them.
14. Submit your application and supporting documents
15. Apply online or submit your application in person at a visa application centre (VAC). In either case, if you need to give your biometrics this will be completed at a VAC. Find your closest VAC.
16. Submit your application package (forms, fees and supporting documents) according to the guidelines for submitting an application at this office.
Living and studying in Canada is an experience in itself. A large number of Indian population (Punjabis & Gujaratis) resides in this country. Canada is also a hot study destination for Indian students.
The students get a chance to mingle with people from different cultures and this only helps in widening one’s outlook towards life. Most Canadians speak French and the sooner you grasp this language, the better it is.
Here’s the list of expenses that a student will have to incur in Canada:
1.Off-campus housing - Rs. 1,50,000 to Rs. 5,00,000 per annum
2.Electricity, heating & water - Rs. 1,00,000 per annum
3.Food - Rs. 1,80,000 per annum
4.Public Transport - Rs. 60,000 per annum